Castaneda appealed his conviction for enticing a minor to engage in unlawful sexual activity in violation of 18 U.S.C. §2422 and one count of crossing a state line with intent to engage in sexual activity with a person under the age of 12, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §2241(c). Following a federal jury trial, he was convicted of both counts and sentenced to 420 months. In his appeal he argued the indictment should have been dismissed because the government’s conduct in investigating him was so outrageous that it violated his due process rights. He also claimed the evidence of child pornography that was found on his computer should have been suppressed and not admitted at trial. Though he was not indicted with possession of child pornography, the evidence that he possessed it was admitted at his trial to prove his intent.
Law enforcement began its investigation when he responded to an ad on Craigslist from a purported 37- year-old female in Atlanta, Georgia who was “looking for someone with experience with REAL taboo to be a good teacher” for her 9-year-old daughter. Castaneda grabbed the bait and began communicating with Kandi, telling her he was experienced in “incest, pedophilia, and grooming” and went on about his own experiences with minors. Kandi responded that she had a 9-year-old daughter “wanting to learn more and looking for someone with experience like you.” It turned out that Kandi was an undercover law enforcement officer, and not the mother of a 9-year old, who had posted the ad on Craigslist.